CBD and Cannabis for Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder is a term that refers to a group of mood disorders characterized by altered emotions, activity, and energy levels. Previously known as Manic Depression, it has three types according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), all of which are marked by changes in mood, activity, and energy level. Feelings range from extremely high and motivated to severely low and sad for all three types, including Bipolar I & II and Cyclothymic Disorder. Though there is no evidence that medical cannabis can alleviate Bipolar Disorder, there are numerous studies indicating that individuals who suffer from the disease benefit from using it.
Bipolar Disorder Types
The NIMH classifies three forms of Bipolar, noting that each type gets worse. When a patient is in a manic state for more than seven days without receiving appropriate treatment, they are said to have Bipolar I Disorder. Bipolar II is a form of manic-depressive disorder in which individuals experience alternating bouts of depression and euphoria. Adults with Cyclothymic Disorder have a recurring pattern of sadness and mania that lasts at least two years or one year for children.
According to the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, up to 5.7 million individuals in the United States suffer from a form of Affective Disorder that typically affects persons aged 25 years or older. It may affect both children and adults in adolescence and middle age. The Disorder affects everyone, regardless of social class or race. Bipolar Disorder is the world’s sixth most common cause of disability, according to the World Health Organization. Most distressing is the statistic that one in five persons who suffer from Bipolar die by suicide.
THC and Bipolar Disorder
According to the University of Washington, cannabis has positive effects on people with Bipolar Disorder, noting that while Bipolar Disorder does not qualify as a medical cannabis condition in any state, ” anecdotal accounts suggest that some individuals use marijuana to cure symptoms.” According to Verywell Mind, self-medicating with cannabis is common among those who have Generalized Anxiety
According to the online mental health resource, although there is little scientific research on the subject, many people report that marijuana provides a soothing effect that relieves anxiety symptoms for brief periods of time. There are both advantages and drawbacks associated with using cannabis for anxiety, according to Verywell Mind. While it may reduce sadness, it could also induce psychological addiction,
Anxiety is a frequent symptom in all types of Bipolar Disorder. Whether you’re experiencing a high, “manic” episode that causes agitation and stress or feeling low and gloomy, which brings on worry, the THC and CBD components of cannabis reportedly relieve the Condition in individuals who self-medicate with it. Insomnia is one of the adverse effects
With such data in mind, there’s no doubting Psychiatric Advisor’s statistics, which state that “lifetime use of cannabis among bipolar individuals is estimated to be around 70 percent,” and “30 percent have a comorbidity of cannabis abuse or dependence.”
Time will tell if treating Bipolar Disorder with medical cannabis is effective in alleviating the highs and lows of the condition, but many who suffer from it already believe that it does.